In the 1980's it was clear to Tom Schneider that since Shannon's other work on information theory could be fruitfully applied to molecular biology, his work on channel capacity should also apply. It took Tom about 10 years (roughly 1980 to 1990) to reconstruct Shannon's theory solidly in molecular biology terms.
In Shannon's communication theory, each gumball represents a distinct message while in molecular machine theory each gumball represents a distinct state of a biological molecule. Because the geometry is the same, Shannon's famous channel capacity theorem also applies to the molecular case.
Programs used to generate figures that describe Shannon spheres are: sphere, ring and riden. The program which was used to generate figure 9 in the paper "Channel Capacity of Molecular Machines" is cisq.
back to molecular machines
origin: before 1995 June 23
updated: 1998 Jan 24